Eye, Magnifying Glass, Microscope

there is a picture of a yellow daisy.


There are many ways to look at things around us. You can look at flowers with your eyes and see beautiful colors and patterns.

there is a closeup picture of the flower.

Magnifying Glass

A magnifying glass makes the flower look bigger. You see details that your eye missed.

there is a microscopic picture of small beige ovals covered with spikes.


And with a very powerful microscope you can see these spiky balls. They are the grains of powdery pollen that bees collect when they make honey—and that can make you sneeze!

there is a picture of a small spider.


You might see this orb weaver spider spinning its web in your garden.

there is a closeup of the spiders belly.

Magnifying Glass

Look closer and you can see its head and where its legs attach to its body.

there is a microscopic picture of the spider's head.


If you could look at it under a microscope, you might not even know you were looking at a spider's head.

there is a picture of a leaf.


You can see a leaf with your eyes.

there is a closeup of the leaf.

Magnifying Glass

With a magnifying glass you can look closer at the veins that carry food and water to the plant.

there is a microscopic picture of the leaf's surface.


But you need a microscope to see the tiny openings on the leaf that let air in and out.


A microscope is used to see things that are too small to see with our eyes alone. Microscopes can make tiny things look big.

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  1. What form of matter are a flower, a spider, and a leaf? How you do you know?
  2. If you looked at a gallon of water from the ocean under a microscope, what might you see?
  3. Do you think it is easier to study a solid, a liquid, or a gas under a microscope? Why?